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Writing Tips - Essay

What is the objective of an essay? To discuss an issue and give your opinion about it.
What language should you use? Essays tend to be more formal in language, so you should be familiar with a range of expressions to compare, contrast, add information and draw conclusions.

A successful essay should…

  • be well organized, with an introduction, development and a conclusion;

  • compare and contrast different points of view;

  • discuss advantages and disadvantages whenever possible;

  • present arguments for and against each point of view presented;

  • conclude by clearly stating where the author stands on the issue.


A well-organized text is much more pleasing to read and easy to understand.

First paragraph → An introduction that states the topic, explains the issue briefly and state why there are different opinions about it.
Second paragraph → First argument: explain reasons why people may think this, include relevant information and illustrate with examples, evaluate advantages and disadvantages of the idea (if applicable), and make sure the paragraph explains this idea clearly.
Body → Third paragraph - second argument: same as before. Fourth paragraph - third argument: same as before.
Last paragraph → Conclusion: wrap up the discussion and invite the reader to reflect. You may add your opinion.


USE CONNECTORS Connectors help organize your ideas and make them clear. They also make it easier for the readers to follow when used correctly. Be careful to use them in the right place.

  • To contrast ideas (similar to but) although, whereas, however, on the other hand, in spite of, despite

  • To add information (similar to and) furthermore, in addition, moreover, besides, also

  • To draw conclusions (similar to so) as a result, therefore, thus, that is why, consequently

  • To talk about the cause of something (similar to because) as, due to, since, because of

  • To organize items or ideas in a sequence first of all, then, after that, in the end, finally

  • To conclude to sum up, in short, all in all

STATE IDEAS IN AN IMPARTIAL WAY The presentation of the arguments should be impersonal to guide readers to draw their own conclusions. Here are some expressions that may be useful.

  • Some/Most/These people believe that…

  • It is a common misconception to…

  • Something/somebody is believed to be…

  • It is known that…

  • It is/seems clear that…


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